The democratic system of government is a complicated creature, one that is vulnerable to all sorts of attempts to create advantages for one side over another. Some groups may try to subtly influence the system, while in other cases the corruption is more obvious. The practice of gerrymandering falls into the latter category, and is a major factor in American politics.
The idea behind gerrymandering is that, every so often, government must create new voting districts and redraw old ones in response to demographic changes over time. As people move away from one area and into another, this can create inequalities in representation where voters in a less populated district will have a disproportionate amount of power. Gerrymandering refers to the manipulation of the readjustment process for political advantage.
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